"And the Lord shall be King over all the earth ..."
Course #15 - God's promises to David
The shepherd boy who became king
You have probably heard of David the shepherd boy, who killed Goliath the giant with a single stone from a sling.
David lived about a thousand years before the birth of Jesus Christ. He was born in the same place as Jesus - a little town near Jerusalem, called Bethlehem, and he was the youngest son of a shepherd called Jesse.
When David was quite young, God sent His prophet Samuel to anoint him to be king over Israel. But at that time, King Saul - the first King of Israel - was reigning. Saul became very jealous of David, and on several occasions tried to kill him, and David became a refugee.
Saul was not a good king; he was disobedient to God, and the time came when he was killed in battle with the Philistines.
The way was open for David to become king.
After many trials and adventures, he built a palace in Jerusalem, and there he lived and reigned.
When David thought about the way in which God had blessed him, and then thought about the Ark of God which was still kept in a tent, he wanted to build a fine Temple at Jerusalem in which the Ark could be kept. (The Ark was a special chest containing the Ten Commandments, and having a cover known as the Mercy Seat, upon which God's glory shone.)
David told Nathan, the prophet of God, what he wanted to do. Nathan told David to go ahead; but that night God spoke to Nathan, giving him a special message for David.
God's message to David
Turn again to II Samuel chapter 7. The most important part of God's message to David is in verses 12-16. Here God promises David a son (again we get that Jewish word, 'seed', which means a son, or descendant).
He says of this promised son:
This was to happen after David's death, for it was to be "when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers" (II Samuel 7:12).
More about the Son of David
Now David had a son called Solomon, who reigned after him, in Jerusalem. The promises to David were partly fulfilled in Solomon, but the complete fulfillment had to wait for the coming of the Lord Jesus. Solomon was made king while David was still alive. And, of course, he did not reign for ever.
This promised son was to be a very special person, for God says of him:
"I will be his father, and he shall be my son" (II Samuel 7:14).
Turn to the first chapter of Luke. Here we read
of an angel coming to a young woman one of King David's descendants-and
telling her that she would have a son. This son was to be born, not through
an earthly father, as all other children are, but through the power of God;
for the young woman, whose name was Mary, was told:
The angel also told Mary:
Now we can see how the promise Which God made to
David was fulfilled when Jesus Christ was born.
The King of the Jews
Jesus was born to be a King. The wise men, when they came to worship him, asked: "Where is he that is born King of the Jews?" (Matthew 2:2).
When Jesus was arrested and taken before Pilate to be tried, Pilate said to him: "Art thou the King of the Jews?" Jesus answered:
"Thou sayest it" (Mark 15:2).
That is the Jewish way of saying, "Yes, I certainly am".
As we have already seen, Jesus will come back to this earth to be King of the Jews, and to reign on David's throne.
A world-wide kingdom
Jesus is not only to be the King of the Jews when
he comes back. He is to reign over the whole earth. God says of him:
What about David?
Although David realized that this promise was not
to be fulfilled for a very long time, he was full of thankfulness to God,
and we can read his prayer of thanks in II Samuel 7:18-29. God had said:
(Note: '.House' can mean a building - the temple was called the house of God - but it can also mean family and descendants. This is what it means in the promises to David.)
So David knew that when at last his great Son (the Lord Jesus) reigned in Jerusalem, he himself would be raised from the dead, so that he might share the joys of the kingdom.
David often thought about this solemn promise -
or covenant - that God had made with him, and he speaks about it in the
Psalms. For instance, in Psalm 89:2-4, we read:
God's Promises to David
(II SAMUEL 7)
"I will be his father and he shall be my son.
If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him ...
Something to look forward to
Paul tells us in Hebrews 11:
Now Abraham, and David, and many other faithful
men, died knowing that in the day of Jesus Christ's coming they would be
raised again and "made perfect" -given eternal life with all who
belong to Jesus. But as the passage shows, eternal life will not be just
for these faithful men. It
A key verse
We have seen that Jesus Christ is both the seed
of Abraham and the seed of David. The very first verse of the New Testament
1. God promised David a son.
Learn by heart: (I Chronicles 17:11)
If you have questions or comments about this lesson, please feel free to e-mail us with them.